Treaty of Canandaigua

Here on the town common set aside for public use by the founders of Canandaigua after they purchased peace and huge land holdings from the Six Nations with the Treaty of 1794, signed by George Washington’s emissary, Timothy Perkins, this commemorative stone lists the some of the signatories among the thousands of Natives who attended the Treaty council. For the Seneca, Handsome Lake and Cornplanter were among them.
I am carrying tobacco seeds from Cornplanter’s land set aside at that time on the border of Pennsylvania and New York, which the Nolumbeka Project has been cultivating in recent years ( Nolumbekaproject.org) as gifts for the Water Protectors at Standing Rock.
The federal government still distributes cloth in recognition of their treaty responsibility to the Sovereign Nations of the Haudenausonee each November 11th at the courthouse pictured in the background here.
Canandaigua was originally a refugee village for Seneca who moved south from Ganandogan after the French sacked that village in 1687.
The Sullivan Clinton Expedition (in retaliation for the Cherry Valley massacre in 1778, in which Seneca and Mohawk warriors participated on the Tory side) burned 22 Seneca long houses at Canandaigua in 1779 as part of the scorched earth campaign to break the Six Nations military might.

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